7 Types of Chihuahuas: Full Guide With Pictures

When you think of Chihuahuas, you probably imagine a tiny, bug-eyed yapping dog.

As owners of a short-haired rescue Chihuahua named Leo, we can tell you there’s much more to these feisty little furballs than meets the eye.

Before adopting Leo, we never realized just how many types of Chihuahuas there are. 

After bringing him home, we started researching the breed and were amazed by the different head shapes, coat lengths, and colors that make up this diverse breed.

If you’re considering adding a Chihuahua to your family, we’ll help you navigate the path to finding the perfect one for your family.

We’re excited to share our knowledge and experience with you so you can find the perfect Chihuahua for your family.

Let’s break down the 7 different types of Chihuahuas with pictures so you can make an informed decision and find your perfect match.

all types of chihuahuas sitting and standing in a row, 5 chihuahuas, 2 have long hair and 2 are short haired

Recognized Types of Chihuahuas

If you’re thinking about getting a Chihuahua, you might be surprised to learn that there are actually different recognized types of these adorable pups. 

Chihuahuas don’t just vary in size and coat length; they also come in a stunning array of colors, with the American Kennel Club (AKC) recognizing 9 standard colors. 

So, how many types of Chihuahuas are there? Let’s break it down for you.

There are 2 Chihuahua varieties recognized by the AKC:

  • Short-haired Chihuahua: short coat that is smooth and shiny.
  • Long-haired Chihuahua: has a soft and silky coat that can grow up to several inches in length.

There are 2 types of Chihuahua heads, but only the apple head is recognized by the AKC:

  • Apple-head Chihuahua: rounded skull and a short snout, large eyes, most common type of Chihuahua.
  • Deer-head Chihuahua: a longer head that resembles a deer with a slightly longer snout.

Standard colors recognized by the AKC include:

  • Black
  • Black and tan
  • Blue and tan
  • Chocolate
  • Chocolate and tan
  • Cream
  • Fawn
  • Fawn and white
  • Red

Standard markings recognized by the AKC include:

  • Black brindling
  • Black mask
  • Black sabling
  • Spotted on white
  • White markings
  • Merle markings

7 Types of Chihuahuas

Chihuahuas come in a variety of types, each with its own unique characteristics. 

Beyond the recognized types, there are unofficial Chihuahua subtypes to break down the breed into more categories. 

And here’s the fun part – these categories can overlap! So, you might have a smooth coat Chihuahua who’s also an adorable deer head.

Here are 7 types of Chihuahuas with pictures that you might encounter.

1. Apple Head Chihuahua

3 apple head chihuahuas laying in a row wearing fancy collars

The apple-head Chihuahua, the most popular type of Chihuahua, has a round head that resembles an apple. 

This type of Chihuahua has a short snout, a domed skull, and large, round eyes that give them that classic Chihuahua look everyone recognizes. 

They tend to weigh between 2 and 6 pounds and stand about 5 to 8 inches tall at the shoulder. 

As for coat length, apple-head Chihuahuas can have either a short or long coat

You can choose the short-coated version, which is sleek and shiny. 

Or, there’s the long-coated variety, with hair that flows like a fashion model on the runway – just be ready for a bit more grooming with those luscious locks.

If you’re looking for that quintessential Chihuahua look with a near-perfect round head and big eyes, then an apple-head Chi is the poster pup for the breed.

2. Deer Head Chihuahua

a tan deer head chihuahua is standing and looking away from the camera wearing a blue harness

As the name suggests, deer-head Chihuahuas have a head shape that resembles a young deer, with a flatter top and a longer, tapered snout

They have large, erect bat-like ears on top of their head and more almond-shaped eyes than apple head Chihuahuas.

They tend to be slightly larger in size than apple head Chihuahuas, with longer legs that give them an elegant, gazelle-like appearance.

Deer-head Chihuahuas can have both short and long coats, but long coats are more rare.

When it comes to coat colors, fawn is the crowd-pleaser, but they can also strut their stuff in shades like chocolate, cream, and black.

3. Short-Haired Chihuahua

2 short haired apple head chihuahuas are sittting wearing fancy collars

The short-haired Chihuahua, also known as a smooth coat Chihuahua, has a short, shiny coat that’s less than 1 inch long and can have a soft undercoat

Their coat lies flat against the body and is not fluffy like long coats, giving them a sleek, glossy appearance.

When it comes to colors, they’ve got quite the wardrobe – fawn, black, cream, and even some sport unique markings like spots or cool brindle patterns.

If you’re all about the low-maintenance lifestyle, short-haired Chihuahuas are the way to go. 

Their coat is a breeze to take care of with periodic brushing and the occasional bath

So, if you’re looking for a Chihuahua that’s got all the charm without the fuss, the short-haired variety is where it’s at.

4. Long-Haired Chihuahua

2 long haired chihuahuas sitting and 1 chihuahua laying down with a pink background and a yellow ducky next to them

Long-haired Chihuahuas, also known as rough coat, have a long, flowing coat that’s soft to the touch. 

Their coats can grow to be several inches long, can be straight or wavy, and they often have a feathered ruff around the neck and feathering on their feet with a furry tail.

Long-haired Chihuahuas come in a wide range of colors, including cream, black, and fawn.

The most common colors are the fawn and white variety and chocolate and tan.

One thing to note about long-haired Chihuahuas is that they require regular grooming to keep their coat looking its best. 

Their long hair can become tangled and matted if not brushed regularly. 

They shed the same amount as short-haired Chihuahuas but you will notice it more with the longer hairs. 

5. Pear Head Chihuahua

a tan pear head chihuahua is staring at the camera

Pear-head Chihuahuas are a unique unofficial type of Chihuahua with a pear-shaped head that’s wider at the top and tapers down to a small muzzle

Think of them as a mix between apple-head and deer-head Chihuahuas, resulting in that pear-like noggin.

They come in a variety of colors and have a smooth coat, but they’re relatively rare.

While some people find this look appealing, it is not considered desirable by breed standards.

Pear-head Chihuahuas are not recognized by the AKC as an official variety, so they are disqualified from participating in dog shows.

6. Teacup Chihuahua

3 teacup chihuahuas are each sitting in a brightly colored tea cup

Teacup Chihuahuas are the tiniest Chihuahuas around, typically weighing between 2 to 4 pounds, with some as light as 1 pound. 

They’re like pocket-sized pups, standing at about 4 to 6 inches tall.

Their small size makes them delicate and in need of special care. 

While they might be adorable, they’re often prone to health issues like hypoglycemia, patellar luxation, and dental problems. 

Plus, they can be easily injured, so they’re not the best match for households with small kids or big dogs.

These little guys come in various colors and can rock either a short or long coat.

But here’s the kicker – Teacup Chihuahuas aren’t recognized by the AKC.

Some people believe that it is unethical to breed dogs this small due to their health risks.

Teacup Chihuahuas are usually the runt of the litter.

So, if you’re thinking about bringing one into your home, make sure to weigh the pros and cons carefully.

7. Hairless Chihuahua

3 white hairless chihuahuas are sitting in a row with a white background

These pups are exactly what they sound like – Chihuahuas without much hair. 

It’s a rare type due to a genetic mutation that leaves them nearly fur-free

Despite their lack of fluff, they can still rock a variety of colors and might sport some spots or patches, making each one unique.

When it comes to coat length, there isn’t much to talk about – they’re essentially hairless all over, except some have a little fuzz on their heads, paws, and tails

Because of their nearly bare bodies, they need special care to shield their skin from the sun and cold. 

In the winter, they usually wear clothing to stay warm.

These hairless Chihuahuas might not have much fur, but they’ve got plenty of personality!

Read next: Are Chihuahuas Hypoallergenic?

Bonus: Uniquely Colored Chihuahuas

a spotted merle chihuahua is standing

Chihuahuas come in a variety of colors and markings.

These little dogs are like a rainbow of cuteness. 

The 5 rarest Chihuahua colors are merle, brindle, lavender, snow white, and pure black.

Merle Chihuahuas have a marbled coat pattern, while brindle Chihuahuas have a mix of stripes and spots. Their coats are like works of art.

Lavender Chihuahuas have a light, grayish-purple coat that’s both delicate and charming.

And if you’re into pure elegance, check out snow-white Chihuahuas with their pure white fur and pink nose.

Piebald Chihuahuas sport large, irregular patches of white mixed with another color, making them look like they’ve been custom-painted.

Chihuahuas can also have a variety of other markings, such as sabling, brindling, spotting, and masks.

While some of these colors and markings may be appealing, it is important to note that some rare colors can be associated with health problems.

Temperament and Behavior

Chihuahuas are like tiny balls of energy, known for being lively, alert, and affectionate

Loyalty is their middle name – they’ll fiercely protect their turf and stay glued to their owners. They might even want to sleep between your legs or under the covers with you.

However, their petite size can sometimes make them a bit nervous around bigger dogs or strangers.

Now, if you’re in the market for a cuddle buddy, Chihuahuas are the ultimate lap dogs. 

They thrive on attention and just love being near their humans.

They also tend to be intelligent and trainable, though some can be more independent and stubborn.

Chihuahuas are more prone to separation anxiety when left alone

Oh, and one more thing, they’ve got vocal cords that love a workout, so be ready for some barking.

That’s part of what makes them such great little guard dogs!

So, whether you’re looking for a pint-sized protector or a snuggle partner, Chihuahuas have got you covered.

3 apple head chihuahuas are laying in the same dog bed

Health Considerations

There are a few health considerations that you should keep in mind that are more common in this breed than in others.

  • Dental Health: Chihuahuas are prone to dental issues like tooth decay and gum disease. Regular brushing and chews help maintain their oral health.
  • Hypoglycemia: These dogs can experience low blood sugar, especially in young puppies. A balanced diet and exercise can prevent this condition.
  • Patellar Luxation: Chihuahuas are at risk for patellar luxation, where the kneecap shifts out of place. Watch for limping or favoring one leg and consult a vet if you notice this.
  • Collapsed Trachea: This breed can suffer from a collapsed trachea, making breathing difficult, so it’s best to use a harness. If your Chihuahua coughs or has breathing troubles, seek immediate veterinary attention. This is different from reverse sneezing, which is harmless.
  • Eye Problems: Chihuahuas often face eye issues like cataracts and glaucoma. Regular vet check-ups and monitoring for symptoms like redness or discharge are essential for eye health.

How Much Do Chihuahuas Cost?

The cost of a Chihuahua can vary, so here are some things to keep in mind when considering buying a Chihuahua.

  • Breeders: The cost of a Chihuahua depends a lot on the breeder you choose. Reputable breeders who have a history of healthy puppies can charge anywhere from $500 to $2,500.
  • Pedigree: Chihuahuas with impressive pedigrees, featuring award-winning ancestors, come with a higher price tag. However, if you’re not into dog shows, a pedigree isn’t essential.
  • Color: Rare Chihuahuas like merle or lavender are going to cost more.

Adopting a Chihuahua is a low-cost way to provide a loving home for dogs in need while also saving on expenses. 

It’s a win-win situation for both you and the furry friend you bring into your life.

Keep in mind that the initial cost is just the beginning – you will also need to factor in ongoing expenses such as food and vet bills.

Chihuahua Facts

  • Chihuahuas are one of the oldest dog breeds in the Americas, with a history that dates back to ancient Mexico.
  • Chihuahuas are the smallest breed of dog in the world.
  • Chihuahuas are also known for their long lifespans, up to 20 years with proper care.
  • The rarest Chihuahua color is snow white.
  • Chihuahuas have the biggest brain-to-body ratio in dogs.
  • Chihuahuas are born with floppy ears.
  • Many Chihuahuas are born with a molera, or soft spot on their skull.
  • Chihuahuas have been featured in many popular TV shows and movies, like Legally Blonde and Beverly Hills Chihuahua.

FAQs

What Are the Different Colors of Chihuahuas?

Chihuahuas come in a variety of colors, including black, cream, chocolate, fawn, and red. They can also have markings such as brindle, sable, and merle.

What Types of Chihuahua Are Rare?

Rare types of Chihuahuas include merle, brindle, lavender, chocolate, and snow white.

What Is the Largest Type of Chihuahua?

The largest type of Chihuahua is the deer-head Chihuahua, which can weigh six pounds or more. This contrasts teacup Chihuahuas, which typically weigh between two and four pounds, and apple-head Chihuahuas which weigh under six pounds.

What Is the Most Expensive Chihuahua?

The most expensive Chihuahua is the Teacup Chihuahua, which can cost up to $5,000. These tiny dogs are sought after for their small size.

How Do I Know What Type of Chihuahua I Have?

Take a look at their head shape and coat length. If your Chihuahua boasts a round head that resembles an apple, you likely have an apple-head Chihuahua, but if their snout is more elongated, then you have a deer-head Chihuahua

If their coat is short and shiny, you’ve got yourself a short-haired Chihuahua. If their coat is flowing and longer, then it’s likely a long-haired Chihuahua.

What Kind of Chihuahua Is the Taco Bell Dog?

Gidget, the Taco Bell dog was a type of Chihuahua known as a deer-head Chihuahua. This type of Chihuahua has a longer snout and a more prominent forehead than the apple head Chihuahua.

Are Male or Female Chihuahuas More Expensive?

There is no significant price difference between male and female Chihuahuas. The cost of a Chihuahua is determined by factors such as their pedigree, the breeder, and rarity, rather than gender.

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